Staff members may be contacted using the following email format: first initial followed by last name @gfintegrity.org.
For example, John Smith's email address would be email@example.com.
Raymond Baker is the President of Global Financial Integrity and the author of Capitalism’s Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-Market System, published by John Wiley & Sons and cited by the Financial Times as one of the “best business books of 2005.” He has for many years been an internationally respected authority on corruption, money laundering, growth, and foreign policy issues, particularly as they concern developing and transitional economies and impact upon western economic and foreign interests. He has written and spoken extensively, testified often before legislative committees in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, been quoted worldwide, and has commented frequently on television and radio in the United States, Europe, and Asia on legislative matters and policy questions, including appearances on Nightline, CNN, BBC, NPR, Four Corners, and GloboNews, among others.
Mr. Baker is a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington, D.C., researching and writing on the linkages between corruption, money laundering, and poverty. He is also a member of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, chaired by former President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki.
In 1996 he received a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for a project entitled, “Flight Capital, Poverty and Free-Market Economics.” He traveled to 23 countries to interview 335 central bankers, commercial bankers, government officials, economists, lawyers, tax collectors, security officers, and sociologists on the relationships between bribery, commercial tax evasion, money laundering, and economic growth. From 1985 to 1996 Mr. Baker provided confidential economic advisory services at the presidential level for developing country governments. Activities focused principally on issues surrounding anti-corruption strategies, international terms of trade, and developing country debt. Research was conducted with 550 business owners and managers in eleven countries, concerning import and export mispricing and movement of tax-evading capital.
From 1976 to 1985 Mr. Baker conducted extensive trading activities throughout Latin America and in ten Asian countries including the People’s Republic of China. An affiliated company in London handled transactions in Europe. From 1961 to 1976 he lived in Nigeria and established and managed an investment company which set up and acquired manufacturing and financing ventures, the subject of two Harvard Business School case studies. Educated at Harvard Business School and Georgia Institute of Technology, Mr. Baker is the author of “The Biggest Loophole in the Free-Market System,” “Illegal Flight Capital; Dangers for Global Stability,” “How Dirty Money Binds the Poor,” and other works published in the United States and Europe.
Patrick Benson is the Office Manager at Global Financial Integrity. Prior to joining GFI, Patrick had worked as an ESL Teacher at the Lycée Hôtelier de Marseille, a Culinary and Tourism school, located in Marseille, France. Patrick graduated from the Madrid Campus of Saint Louis University in Spain in 2010 with a degree (B.S.) in Business Administration and a minor in Spanish Literature and Philology.
Tom Cardamone is the Managing Director of Global Financial Integrity (GFI). In addition to building and leading an outstanding staff, his responsibilities at GFI include strategic planning, promoting organizational goals and policy positions to key audiences including high-level government officials and foundation executives, and identifying new revenue streams.
For two decades he has been an analyst, Project Director and Executive Director for, and a consultant to, several non-profit organizations. Prior to joining GFI, Cardamone was a consultant to non-governmental organizations in the areas of strategic organizational and program planning, development and web site content. From 2000 to 2003 he was Executive Director of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, a leading Washington, D.C.-based arms control organization.
During his career Cardamone has advocated numerous policy positions on television, radio and in print media including appearances on CNN, Canadian Broadcasting and Swiss Broadcasting and in newspapers including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post. He has delivered remarks on various policy issues at the James E. Baker, III, Institute for Public Policy at Rice University, at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. He also was a contributing author for the book “War or Health: A Reader.”
Christine Clough is a Senior Program Officer for Global Financial Integrity. Prior to joining GFI, Christine was employed most recently at the U.S. Small Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy, working with Congress, Federal agencies, and the White House to advocate for the needs and critical role of small business in the U.S. economy. Christine also has experience working on terrorism and homeland security at think-tanks in Washington, DC. Christine has a BA in International Relations and Economics from Connecticut College and an MA in Security Studies from Georgetown University.
E.J. Fagan is Deputy Communications Director at Global Financial Integrity. A former GFI intern, he comes to the firm after completing his Masters of Public Policy at George Mason University, with a concentration in International Institutions. E.J. has worked in new media roles in a number of capacities on campaigns, for a political action committee, and for six years as a baseball blogger. He has been published in many national and international news outlets, including Politico, Reuters, Pacific Standard Magazine, and RBC. He graduated from Providence College with a degree in political science in 2009.
Sarah Freitas is an Economist for Global Financial Integrity. Prior to joining GFI, Sarah held positions as an economics research assistant and as the OECD student ambassador at Duke University. She has worked as a Congressional intern in both the House and the Senate, and participated in a development program in Tanzania. Sarah graduated with Distinction in Research from Duke University with a B.S. in Economics, a B.A. in Public Policy, and a minor in Spanish.
Clark Gascoigne is the Communications Director at Global Financial Integrity. He previously served as the Director of New Media for both GFI and the Task Force on Financial Integrity & Economic Development. Clark came to GFI from the College Democrats of America (CDA) where he most recently served as the National Communications Director – coordinating youth communications with Obama for America and the Democratic National Committee throughout the 2008 election cycle. A founding member of CDA’s new media effort, Clark previously served as the organization’s National New Media Director, and has a number of years of political and non-profit communications experience.
Clark holds a degree (A.B.) in Government & Legal Studies with a minor in Theater from Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine.
Dev Kar is the Chief Economist at Global Financial Integrity. Prior to joining the GFI, Dev was a Senior Economist at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington DC. During a career spanning nearly 32 years at the IMF, Dev worked on a wide variety of macroeconomic and statistical issues, both at IMF headquarters and on different types of IMF missions to member countries (technical assistance, Article IV Consultations with member countries, and Use of IMF Resources).
His interesting assignments at the IMF included: (i) research studies on the functions and role of central banks which formed the basis for the design, development, and implementation of a large-scale database on laws, regulations, and data on various aspects of central banking operations (ii) technical papers on the operational budget of the IMF (iii) carrying out complex IMF operational transactions with member countries (iv) review of IMF lending programs involving the use of its financial resources in order to assess sovereign and liquidity risks (v) the monitoring of economic and political developments in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and in Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)-eligible countries (vi) preparation of research papers and discussion notes on the role of the SDR in the international monetary system and the use of the SDR as a unit of account by multilateral institutions (vii) critiquing technical assistance papers based on expert technical knowledge of international methodological guidelines on national accounts, price statistics, and merchandise trade (viii) providing technical assistance to member countries in the area of national accounts, prices, and external trade in order to build members' statistical capacities (ix) preparing papers for discussion by the IMF Executive Board on recent cases of overdue financial obligations of certain members and assessing the likelihood of payments by these countries (x) preparing short papers on the external debt situation of heavily indebted countries and providing technical assistance to IMF economists in forecasting external debt profiles (xi) conducting extensive research on early warning models that seek to predict an external debt crisis for heavily indebted countries (xii) developing statistical measures and indicators on quantitative and non-quantitative trade restrictions, dumping, and other trade policy issues, comparing them across countries and within countries over time.
Dev has a Ph.D. in Economics from the George Washington University (Major: Monetary Economics), an M. Phil (Economics), also from the same university (Major: International Economics) and a M.S. (Computer Science) from Howard University (Major: Database Management Systems). His undergraduate degree in Physics is from St. Xavier’s College, University of Calcutta, India. Dev has published a number of articles on macroeconomic and statistical issues both inside and outside the IMF.
Heather Lowe serves as Legal Counsel and Director of Government Affairs at Global Financial Integrity, spearheading the organization’s advocacy efforts in the U.S. and internationally. Ms. Lowe is active in the anti-corruption, anti-money laundering policy, and tax reform communities, coordinating with civil society, government officials and intergovernmental organizations in a variety of countries to promote policies to curtail illicit financial flows. Heather is one of two civil society representatives participating in industry consultations on the international anti-money laundering guidelines known as the FATF Recommendations, as well as a member of the OECD’s Anti-Bribery Working Group. Ms. Lowe has presented at numerous international conferences and webinars on money laundering, corruption and offshore tax evasion and avoidance. She is frequently quoted in mainstream press such as the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, Reuters, and Bloomberg, and has appeared as a guest on CNN, Fox Business News, the BBC and RT TV as well as various radio programs.
Ms. Lowe brings international legislative experience and banking and finance law experience to her role, having worked as an aide to a British Member of the European Parliament in Brussels and as a banking and finance attorney at both Clifford Chance LLP in London and Bingham McCutchen LLP in Boston. She is admitted to the Bar in the State of New York and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Ms Lowe is a graduate of Boston College Law School (J.D.) and The University of Chicago (A.B.). As part of her degree programs she also studied European, international and English law at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LL.B. program) and at King’s College London (LL.M. program).